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I'm teaching the Robert Frost poem "The Road Not Taken" to a large group of my Hebrew-speaking deaf and hard of hearing 10th and 11th graders. It's in the curriculum.
I find it to be a puzzling situation. On one hand it seems absolutely insane to teach it to most of these kids. I'm not exaggerating when I say that most of them only know two to four words in the entire poem. Even a word that seems familiar to them such as "sorry" isn't in the right context as they only know it to mean "please forgive me". Even though we did a pre-reading exercise which included translating the really difficult words (such as "undergrowth" "hence") they didn't know most of the other words either and couldn't even begin to read any sentence of it on their own.
On the other hand, this poem is about dealing with dilemmas and making choices. We did a pre-reading activity on how they solve problems and many of them were interested in that. The vocabulary exercise I gave on those really hard words had them match the Hebrew translation to a simple definition in easy English, so there was reinforcement of vocabulary, just not of the vocabulary of the program. In addition they learned a bit about metaphors, how to infer something and about the poet. Some of the pupils actually said they find the poem related to life!
However, to answer the low order reading comprehension questions (which were in English they could handle) they relied mainly on the translation of the poem. Since I foresaw that, I made sure they had to copy out lines of the text to prove their answers otherwise they wouldn't have looked at the poem itself at all!
I wonder if I could have achieved the same effect by having all these nice activities and tasks in English, about a poem written in Hebrew?! So, is it worthwhile to teach authentic poetry without vocabulary?