The Educator's PLN

The personal learning network for educators

Step By Step Guide On How to Write Footnotes

In academic papers, systematic flow of everything drafted is very important. One of the every important aspect in case of academic papers is including footnotes. After a particular paragraph ends, footnotes are mentioned in form of a required number. Conclusively, in reference to the numbering, a cross reference is mentioned at the bottom of every page that describes what the reference is about.

As per top writer recommendations and as per the writers, thesis and dissertations should have footnotes in order to keep full track of the mentioned citations. Additionally, a short, precise note is added to every paper to make sure the paper accounts for all the given research.  

As per the writers, the citations allow the readers to go through the mentioned sources. They hold a lot of importance in academic writing as they show that the writer has conducted research and has not taken someone’s work. Having this said, using today’s word processing methods and software, adding different footnotes in papers is made easier. 

Here are the five steps you need to follow when learning how to add footnotes to your research paper:

  1. In your word processor’s menu, go to the “Reference” or “Insert” as it is the option where processors usually feature the option of footnotes.
  2. Choose the desired footnote number and decide how you want the footnote to look. This step will then create a footnote and there will be a superscript number placed in the main text. At the bottom of the page, you will find the number to which you need enter corresponding data.
  3. You need to type the footnote in the proper citation style – i.e., MLA, APA, Chicago, AMA and Turabian. 
  4. Once done, go to the main text and start writing the text. The word software automatically tells the writer the amount of room they are required to fill the footnote and text. If you delete or add another footnote, the software will automatically renumber the footnotes accordingly. Furthermore, the software will make all the required adjustments as well, which includes shifting footnotes to the different pages as well.
  5. The final step is to delete the footnotes – that is done when you delete the superscript number present in the document’s main text. On the other hand, the footnotes will be automatically deleted and the remaining footnotes will be renumbered. An important point to keep in mind is that you should not delete the particular footnote manually.

As mentioned earlier, the academic paper needs to have proper citation, which includes using the format of the desired citation style. When using footnotes, make sure you follow the common convention – which is to insert the complete citation that include:

  • Page number
  • Title of the book
  • Year
  • Author name 
  • Surname of the author
  • Page number of the reference

Footnotes are a lot more than just going through interesting additional comments regarding a topic. A lot of writers use footnotes to allow readers to refer to the desired sources, allowing the readers to know the sources where the material is extracted from or to help readers do their own research on the particular subject, using the mentioned sources. 

Understanding the Difference between Endnotes and Footnotes

It is important for writers to understand that endnotes appear at the extreme end of the paper, whereas the footnotes appear at the end of every page. Conclusively, the only difference is the placement.

Here is all you need to know in order to add footnotes to your academic papers. Follow this guide to make things easy on yourself.

Adela Belin is a private educator and writer at writers per hour .

 

Views: 131

Comment

You need to be a member of The Educator's PLN to add comments!

Join The Educator's PLN

Comment by Leona Hinton on December 7, 2016 at 9:34am

The difference between endnotes and footnotes is so simple but many students still do this mistake. Thanks for the interesting article, Adela, I'll share it with a great pleasure. 

About

Thomas Whitby created this Ning Network.

Latest Activity

Juan Blake Koss posted blog posts
Thursday
Profile IconKym Gavitt, Paul Belliveau, Nancy Quiroga and 1 more joined The Educator's PLN
Wednesday
Nicholle Gornicz replied to Maranda Knutson's discussion What new instructional technology will you be using this year in your elementary classroom? in the group Best Practices and Differentiated Instruction
"Google Classroom, Khan academy, Think Through math, I am moving towards a blended learning classroom "
Tuesday
Nicholle Gornicz replied to Holly Kirby's discussion Classroom Technology in the group Best Practices and Differentiated Instruction
"I have been doing a lot of research on Blended Learning.  It seems like a great way to really move into 21st century learning.  Ia m also a special education teacher and I am going to start implementing more technology in my classroom this…"
Tuesday
Nicholle Gornicz replied to Marcy J. Perry's discussion What does inclusion look like in your school for the student, the special educator and gen ed teacher? in the group Special Education
"I am a pull out and inclusion teacher.  When I push into the classroom, I often feel like an assistant.  I basically am there to aide the students with the lessons being taught.  However once the rapport is set then I feel more…"
Tuesday
Profile IconGerald Petrozelli and Juan Blake Koss joined The Educator's PLN
Tuesday
Kait Hawksford added a discussion to the group Special Education
Thumbnail

Literacy in Special Schools

I'm a teacher in a special school in Australia and we use the 4 Blocks Framework. I was wondering if anyone else uses this literacy framework? What other frameworks do schools use for literacy?See More
Tuesday
Richard Nolan posted a blog post

Writing Linguistic Perfection: 10 Steps to Correct Grammar

Do you frequently make mistakes when you write emails or messages to your friends or colleagues? Have you ever noticed that your essays always have perfect structure and good ideas but get lower grades because of the huge number of grammar mistakes? Well, a custom writing service might help…See More
Tuesday

Awards And Nominations

© 2017   Created by Thomas Whitby.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service